IMARGUMENT
TheIMARGUMENT
function returns the argument corresponding to the given number in a complex number in rectangular form.
 How to use
IMARGUMENT
formula?  Examples of using
IMARGUMENT
formula IMARGUMENT
formula not working? Similar formulas to
IMARGUMENT
Usage
Use the IMARGUMENT
formula with the syntax shown below, it has 1 required parameter:
 number (required):
A number between 1 and 2 specifying which argument to return. If number is not an integer, it is truncated.
Examples
Here are a few example use cases that explain how to use theIMARGUMENT
formula in Google Sheets.
Extract the real part of a complex number
To extract the real part of a complex number in rectangular form, use IMARGUMENT
with number set to 1.
Extract the imaginary part of a complex number
To extract the imaginary part of a complex number in rectangular form, use IMARGUMENT
with number set to 2.
Calculate the argument of a complex number
To calculate the argument of a complex number in rectangular form, use IMARGUMENT
with number set to 1 and the imaginary part of the complex number divided by the real part.
Common Mistakes
IMARGUMENT
not working? Here are some common mistakes people make when using the IMARGUMENT
Google Sheets Formula:
Incorrectly entering the argument
Make sure to provide the correct syntax and argument to the function, otherwise it will return an error.
Using noncomplex numbers
The IMARGUMENT
function can only be used with complex numbers in x + yi or x + yj text notation.
Related Formulas
The following functions are similar to IMARGUMENT
or are often used with it in a formula:

IMREAL
Returns the real coefficient of a complex number in x+yi or x+yj text format.

IMAGINARY
The
IMAGINARY
function in Google Sheets returns the imaginary coefficient of a given complex number. The imaginary coefficient is the part of the complex number that is multiplied by the imaginary unit. This function is often used in engineering and scientific applications that involve complex numbers. 
IMABS
The
IMABS
function returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number. This is useful when working with complex numbers in engineering or scientific calculations. 
IMCONJUGATE
The
IMCONJUGATE
formula returns the complex conjugate of a given complex number. This formula is commonly used in engineering and physics calculations involving complex numbers.
Learn More
You can learn more about the IMARGUMENT
Google Sheets function on Google Support.