OFFSET formula in Google Sheets returns a cell or range of cells that is a specified number of rows and columns from a starting cell reference. This formula is most commonly used to create dynamic ranges that can expand or contract as data is added or removed from a sheet.
- How to use
- Examples of using
OFFSETformula not working?
- Similar formulas to
OFFSET formula with the syntax shown below, it has 3 required parameters and 2 optional parameters:
- cell_reference (required):
The starting cell reference from which the offset is measured. This can be any valid cell reference.
- offset_rows (required):
The number of rows to offset from the starting cell reference. This value can be positive or negative, and can be an expression or a reference to another cell.
- offset_columns (required):
The number of columns to offset from the starting cell reference. This value can be positive or negative, and can be an expression or a reference to another cell.
- height (optional):
Optional. The height of the range of cells to return. Defaults to 1 if not specified.
- width (optional):
Optional. The width of the range of cells to return. Defaults to 1 if not specified.
ExamplesHere are a few example use cases that explain how to use the
OFFSET formula in Google Sheets.
Creating dynamic ranges
By using the
OFFSET formula with a dynamic range reference, you can create a range that automatically expands or contracts as data is added or removed from a sheet.
Navigating large datasets
OFFSET formula can be used to navigate large datasets by returning a range of cells that is a specified number of rows and columns away from a starting cell reference.
Referencing non-contiguous ranges
By using multiple
OFFSET formulas with different starting cell references, you can create a non-contiguous range reference that can be used in other formulas and functions.
OFFSET not working? Here are some common mistakes people make when using the
OFFSET Google Sheets Formula:
Incorrect cell reference
One common mistake is to provide an incorrect cell reference as the first argument. Double check that the cell reference is correct and points to the desired cell.
Another common mistake is to forget to provide all the required arguments. Make sure to include the cell reference, offset rows and columns, and optionally the height and width.
Using hard-coded values instead of references
It's important to use cell references instead of hard-coded values when using the OFFSET formula. Hard-coding values can lead to errors when the data changes.
Using negative values for height or width
The height and width arguments should be positive numbers. Using negative values will result in an error.
Be careful not to create overlapping ranges when using the OFFSET formula. This can lead to unexpected results.
The following functions are similar to
OFFSET or are often used with it in a formula:
INDEXformula in Google Sheets is used to return a value or reference of a cell at the intersection of a specified row and column in a given range. The formula is commonly used to lookup and retrieve values from a table or range of cells.
MATCHformula is used to search for a specified value within a range and returns the relative position of the value within the range. This formula is commonly used in conjunction with the
INDEXformula to retrieve a value from a specific cell in a range. The
search_typeparameter is optional and determines the type of match to be performed, such as exact match, less than, or greater than.
VLOOKUPfunction is a lookup formula used to search for a value in the first column of a range of cells (the search key) and return a value in the same row from a specified column in that range. This function is most commonly used to look up and retrieve data from a table.
HLOOKUPfunction is a lookup formula that searches for a key in the top row of a table and returns the value in the same column for a specified row. This function is commonly used to extract data from a table based on a specific criteria.
You can learn more about the
OFFSET Google Sheets function on Google Support.